Can bacteria be good for babies?

Babies who arrived by caesarean might have lower levels of bacteria in the intestines than babies who were born vaginally.  During a vaginal birth, bacteria is passed from the mother to the baby.  Until recently, we have not understood the significance of this bacteria, but is now seems that the bacteria is really important for the healthy of a baby.

We now know that babies who were born by caesarean have higher rates of asthma, allergies and diabetes.  We now believe that colonisation of the baby's gut with bacteria is important for the development of the baby's immune system.  Bacteria are important for prompting the immune system to respond to triggers and to not overreact as is the case in allergies, diabetes, and inflammatory bowel disease.

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